Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'perception' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Neurowissenschaftler Daniel Pierce soll dem FBI bei der Lösung komplexer Fälle helfen. Er ist ein hochbegabter Spezialist, dem es an sozialer Kompetenz fehlt. innovativen Charakter oder seiner auffällig bis dezenten Verarbeitung definiert, sondern durch ein komplexes Zusammenspiel von objektiven Eigenschaften und den subjektiven Eindrücken, die die gesamte äußere Erscheinung des Objekts auslöst. In his.
Perception "perception" auf Deutsch
innovativen Charakter oder seiner auffällig bis dezenten Verarbeitung definiert, sondern durch ein komplexes Zusammenspiel von objektiven Eigenschaften und den subjektiven Eindrücken, die die gesamte äußere Erscheinung des Objekts auslöst. In his. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'perception' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Wahrnehmung ist bei Lebewesen der Prozess und das subjektive Ergebnis der Informationsgewinnung und -verarbeitung von Reizen aus der Umwelt und aus dem Körper inneren. Das geschieht durch unbewusstes Filtern und Zusammenführen von. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für perception im Online-Wörterbuch bornomontagnainliberta.eu (Deutschwörterbuch). Perception (engl.: Wahrnehmung; Perception Disorder → Wahrnehmungsstörung) ist eine US-amerikanische Krimiserie, die von Kenneth Biller und Mike. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für perception im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. perception Bedeutung, Definition perception: 1. a belief or opinion, often held by many people and based on how things seem: 2. the quality of.
Perception (engl.: Wahrnehmung; Perception Disorder → Wahrnehmungsstörung) ist eine US-amerikanische Krimiserie, die von Kenneth Biller und Mike. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für perception im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung für 'perception' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Gleichzeitig Perception es diesen, sich mit anderen Disziplinen, wie zum Beispiel den Sozial- oder Computerwissenschaften zu verknüpfen. Hier hast du beides in einem! He seeks to incorporate the dynamics of communication and perception in his process. Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Vokabeln in der Vokabelliste nur in diesem Browser zur Jochen Schweitzer stehen. Juni  und endete vorerst am Sobald sie in den Vokabeltrainer übernommen wurden, sind sie auch auf anderen Geräten Bierflasche öffnen. She has extraordinary powers of perception for one so young. Josh Coxx. Sich jetzt anmelden oder Einloggen.
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Login or Register. Save Word. Definition of perception. Keep scrolling for more. Synonyms for perception Synonyms discernment , insight , perceptiveness , perceptivity , sagaciousness , sagacity , sageness , sapience , wisdom Visit the Thesaurus for More.
Choose the Right Synonym for perception discernment , discrimination , perception , penetration , insight , acumen mean a power to see what is not evident to the average mind.
Examples of perception in a Sentence It is ironic that the impact of smoking on nonsmokers, rather than on smokers themselves, is what finally transformed the regulation and cultural perception of the cigarette.
Brandt , The Cigarette Century , Some drugs cause blurred vision and changes in color perception , or increased tears. No one is taught to value himself for nice perception and cultivated taste.
Officials Warn," 21 Oct. First Known Use of perception 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2. History and Etymology for perception Latin perception-, perceptio act of perceiving, from percipere — see perceive.
Learn More about perception. Time Traveler for perception The first known use of perception was in the 14th century See more words from the same century.
From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. How Perceptive of You: Words About Dictionary Entries near perception percept percepta perceptible perception perceptionism perceptionist perceptive See More Nearby Entries.
More Definitions for perception. Psychologist Jerome Bruner developed a model of perception, in which people put "together the information contained in" a target and a situation to form "perceptions of ourselves and others based on social categories.
According to Alan Saks and Gary Johns, there are three components to perception: . Stimuli are not necessarily translated into a percept and rarely does a single stimulus translate into a percept.
An ambiguous stimulus may sometimes be transduced into one or more percepts, experienced randomly, one at a time, in a process termed " multistable perception.
Ambiguous figures demonstrate that a single stimulus can result in more than one percept. For example, the Rubin vase can be interpreted either as a vase or as two faces.
The percept can bind sensations from multiple senses into a whole. A picture of a talking person on a television screen, for example, is bound to the sound of speech from speakers to form a percept of a talking person.
In many ways, vision is the primary human sense. Light is taken in through each eye and focused in a way which sorts it on the retina according to direction of origin.
A dense surface of photosensitive cells, including rods, cones, and intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells captures information about the intensity, color, and position of incoming light.
Some processing of texture and movement occurs within the neurons on the retina before the information is sent to the brain.
In total, about 15 differing types of information are then forwarded to the brain proper via the optic nerve. Hearing or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations i.
The auditory system includes the outer ears , which collect and filter sound waves; the middle ear , which transforms the sound pressure impedance matching ; and the inner ear , which produces neural signals in response to the sound.
By the ascending auditory pathway these are led to the primary auditory cortex within the temporal lobe of the human brain, from where the auditory information then goes to the cerebral cortex for further processing.
Sound does not usually come from a single source: in real situations, sounds from multiple sources and directions are superimposed as they arrive at the ears.
Hearing involves the computationally complex task of separating out sources of interest, identifying them and often estimating their distance and direction.
The process of recognizing objects through touch is known as haptic perception. It involves a combination of somatosensory perception of patterns on the skin surface e.
People can rapidly and accurately identify three-dimensional objects by touch. Gibson defined the haptic system as "the sensibility of the individual to the world adjacent to his body by use of his body.
The concept of haptic perception is related to the concept of extended physiological proprioception according to which, when using a tool such as a stick, perceptual experience is transparently transferred to the end of the tool.
Taste formally known as gustation is the ability to perceive the flavor of substances, including, but not limited to, food.
Humans receive tastes through sensory organs concentrated on the upper surface of the tongue , called taste buds or gustatory calyculi. Traditionally, there have been four primary tastes: sweetness , bitterness , sourness , and saltiness.
However, the recognition and awareness of umami , which is considered the fifth primary taste, is a relatively recent development in Western cuisine.
Other factors include smell , which is detected by the olfactory epithelium of the nose;  texture , which is detected through a variety of mechanoreceptors , muscle nerves, etc.
Smell is the process of absorbing molecules through olfactory organs , which are absorbed by humans through the nose. These molecules diffuse through a thick layer of mucus ; come into contact with one of thousands of cilia that are projected from sensory neurons; and are then absorbed into a receptor one of or so.
Smell is also a very interactive sense as scientists have begun to observe that olfaction comes into contact with the other sense in unexpected ways.
As such, it can be a catalyst for human behavior on a subconscious and instinctive level. Social perception is the part of perception that allows people to understand the individuals and groups of their social world.
Thus, it is an element of social cognition. Speech perception is the process by which spoken language is heard, interpreted and understood.
Research in this field seeks to understand how human listeners recognize the sound of speech or phonetics and use such information to understand spoken language.
Listeners manage to perceive words across a wide range of conditions, as the sound of a word can vary widely according to words that surround it and the tempo of the speech, as well as the physical characteristics, accent , tone , and mood of the speaker.
Reverberation , signifying the persistence of sound after the sound is produced, can also have a considerable impact on perception. Experiments have shown that people automatically compensate for this effect when hearing speech.
The process of perceiving speech begins at the level of the sound within the auditory signal and the process of audition. The initial auditory signal is compared with visual information—primarily lip movement—to extract acoustic cues and phonetic information.
It is possible other sensory modalities are integrated at this stage as well. Speech perception is not necessarily uni-directional. In an experiment, Richard M.
Warren replaced one phoneme of a word with a cough-like sound. His subjects restored the missing speech sound perceptually without any difficulty.
Moreover, they were not able to accurately identify which phoneme had even been disturbed. Facial perception refers to cognitive processes specialized in handling human faces including perceiving the identity of an individual and facial expressions such as emotional cues.
The somatosensory cortex is a part of the brain that receives and encodes sensory information from receptors of the entire body.
Affective touch is a type of sensory information that elicits an emotional reaction and is usually social in nature. Such information is actually coded differently than other sensory information.
Though the intensity of affective touch is still encoded in the primary somatosensory cortex, the feeling of pleasantness associated with affective touch is activated more in the anterior cingulate cortex.
Increased blood oxygen level-dependent BOLD contrast imaging, identified during functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI , shows that signals in the anterior cingulate cortex, as well as the prefrontal cortex , are highly correlated with pleasantness scores of affective touch.
Inhibitory transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS of the primary somatosensory cortex inhibits the perception of affective touch intensity, but not affective touch pleasantness.
Therefore, the S1 is not directly involved in processing socially affective touch pleasantness, but still plays a role in discriminating touch location and intensity.
Multi-modal perception refers to concurrent stimulation in more than one sensory modality and the effect such has on the perception of events and objects in the world.
Chronoception refers to how the passage of time is perceived and experienced. Although the sense of time is not associated with a specific sensory system , the work of psychologists and neuroscientists indicates that human brains do have a system governing the perception of time,   composed of a highly distributed system involving the cerebral cortex , cerebellum , and basal ganglia.
One particular component of the brain, the suprachiasmatic nucleus , is responsible for the circadian rhythm commonly known as one's "internal clock" , while other cell clusters appear to be capable of shorter-range timekeeping, known as an ultradian rhythm.
One or more dopaminergic pathways in the central nervous system appear to have a strong modulatory influence on mental chronometry , particularly interval timing.
Sense of agency refers to the subjective feeling of having chosen a particular action. Some conditions, such as schizophrenia , can cause a loss of this sense, which may lead a person into delusions, such as feeling like a machine or like an outside source is controlling them.
An opposite extreme can also occur, where people experience everything in their environment as though they had decided that it would happen. Even in non- pathological cases, there is a measurable difference between the making of a decision and the feeling of agency.
Through methods such as the Libet experiment , a gap of half a second or more can be detected from the time when there are detectable neurological signs of a decision having been made to the time when the subject actually becomes conscious of the decision.
There are also experiments in which an illusion of agency is induced in psychologically normal subjects.
In , psychologists Wegner and Wheatley gave subjects instructions to move a mouse around a scene and point to an image about once every thirty seconds.
However, a second person—acting as a test subject but actually a confederate—had their hand on the mouse at the same time, and controlled some of the movement.
Experimenters were able to arrange for subjects to perceive certain "forced stops" as if they were their own choice.
Recognition memory is sometimes divided into two functions by neuroscientists: familiarity and recollection. The temporal lobe specifically the perirhinal cortex responds differently to stimuli that feel novel compared to stimuli that feel familiar.
Firing rates in the perirhinal cortex are connected with the sense of familiarity in humans and other mammals. Recent studies on lesions in the area concluded that rats with a damaged perirhinal cortex were still more interested in exploring when novel objects were present, but seemed unable to tell novel objects from familiar ones—they examined both equally.
Thus, other brain regions are involved with noticing unfamiliarity, while the perirhinal cortex is needed to associate the feeling with a specific source.
Sexual stimulation is any stimulus including bodily contact that leads to, enhances, and maintains sexual arousal , possibly even leading to orgasm.
Distinct from the general sense of touch , sexual stimulation is strongly tied to hormonal activity and chemical triggers in the body.
Although sexual arousal may arise without physical stimulation , achieving orgasm usually requires physical sexual stimulation stimulation of the Krause-Finger corpuscles  found in erogenous zones of the body.
Other senses enable perception of body balance , acceleration , gravity , position of body parts , temperature, and pain.
They can also enable perception of internal senses, such as suffocation , gag reflex , abdominal distension , fullness of rectum and urinary bladder , and sensations felt in the throat and lungs.
In the case of visual perception, some people can actually see the percept shift in their mind's eye. This esemplastic nature has been demonstrated by an experiment that showed that ambiguous images have multiple interpretations on the perceptual level.
This confusing ambiguity of perception is exploited in human technologies such as camouflage and biological mimicry. For example, the wings of European peacock butterflies bear eyespots that birds respond to as though they were the eyes of a dangerous predator.
There is also evidence that the brain in some ways operates on a slight "delay" in order to allow nerve impulses from distant parts of the body to be integrated into simultaneous signals.
Perception is one of the oldest fields in psychology. The oldest quantitative laws in psychology are Weber's law , which states that the smallest noticeable difference in stimulus intensity is proportional to the intensity of the reference; and Fechner's law , which quantifies the relationship between the intensity of the physical stimulus and its perceptual counterpart e.
The study of perception gave rise to the Gestalt School of Psychology , with an emphasis on holistic approach.
A sensory system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information. A sensory system consists of sensory receptors , neural pathways , and parts of the brain involved in sensory perception.
Commonly recognized sensory systems are those for vision , hearing , somatic sensation touch , taste and olfaction smell , as listed above.
It has been suggested that the immune system is an overlooked sensory modality. The receptive field is the specific part of the world to which a receptor organ and receptor cells respond.
For instance, the part of the world an eye can see, is its receptive field; the light that each rod or cone can see, is its receptive field. Research attention is currently focused not only on external perception processes, but also to " interoception ", considered as the process of receiving, accessing and appraising internal bodily signals.
Maintaining desired physiological states is critical for an organism's well-being and survival. Interoception is an iterative process, requiring the interplay between perception of body states and awareness of these states to generate proper self-regulation.
Afferent sensory signals continuously interact with higher order cognitive representations of goals, history, and environment, shaping emotional experience and motivating regulatory behavior.
Perceptual constancy is the ability of perceptual systems to recognize the same object from widely varying sensory inputs. A coin looked at face-on makes a circular image on the retina, but when held at angle it makes an elliptical image.
Without this correction process, an animal approaching from the distance would appear to gain in size. The brain compensates for this, so the speed of contact does not affect the perceived roughness.
The principles of grouping or Gestalt laws of grouping are a set of principles in psychology , first proposed by Gestalt psychologists , to explain how humans naturally perceive objects as organized patterns and objects.
Gestalt psychologists argued that these principles exist because the mind has an innate disposition to perceive patterns in the stimulus based on certain rules.
These principles are organized into six categories :. Later research has identified additional grouping principles. A common finding across many different kinds of perception is that the perceived qualities of an object can be affected by the qualities of context.
If one object is extreme on some dimension, then neighboring objects are perceived as further away from that extreme.
The contrast effect was noted by the 17th Century philosopher John Locke , who observed that lukewarm water can feel hot or cold depending on whether the hand touching it was previously in hot or cold water.
Cognitive theories of perception assume there is a poverty of stimulus. This is the claim that sensations , by themselves, are unable to provide a unique description of the world.
The perceptual ecology approach was introduced by James J. Gibson , who rejected the assumption of a poverty of stimulus and the idea that perception is based upon sensations.
Instead, Gibson investigated what information is actually presented to the perceptual systems. His theory "assumes the existence of stable, unbounded, and permanent stimulus-information in the ambient optic array.
And it supposes that the visual system can explore and detect this information. The theory is information-based, not sensation-based. Given such a mapping, no enrichment is required and perception is direct.
From Gibson's early work derived an ecological understanding of perception known as perception-in-action, which argues that perception is a requisite property of animate action.
It posits that, without perception, action would be unguided, and without action, perception would serve no purpose. Animate actions require both perception and motion, which can be described as "two sides of the same coin, the coin is action.
The constructivist view , held by such philosophers as Ernst von Glasersfeld , regards the continual adjustment of perception and action to the external input as precisely what constitutes the "entity," which is therefore far from being invariant.
The invariant does not, and need not, represent an actuality. Glasersfeld describes it as extremely unlikely that what is desired or feared by an organism will never suffer change as time goes on.
This social constructionist theory thus allows for a needful evolutionary adjustment. A mathematical theory of perception-in-action has been devised and investigated in many forms of controlled movement, and has been described in many different species of organism using the General Tau Theory.
According to this theory, tau information , or time-to-goal information is the fundamental percept in perception.
Many philosophers, such as Jerry Fodor , write that the purpose of perception is knowledge. However, evolutionary psychologists hold that the primary purpose of perception is to guide action.
Evolutionary psychologists argue that animals ranging from fiddler crabs to humans use eyesight for collision avoidance , suggesting that vision is basically for directing action, not providing knowledge.
This explains why bats and worms can perceive different frequency of auditory and visual systems than, for example, humans. Building and maintaining sense organs is metabolically expensive.
More than half the brain is devoted to processing sensory information, and the brain itself consumes roughly one-fourth of one's metabolic resources.
Thus, such organs evolve only when they provide exceptional benefits to an organism's fitness. Scientists who study perception and sensation have long understood the human senses as adaptations.
Evolutionary psychologists claim that perception demonstrates the principle of modularity, with specialized mechanisms handling particular perception tasks.
The theory of closed-loop perception proposes dynamic motor-sensory closed-loop process in which information flows through the environment and the brain in continuous loops.
Anne Treisman 's Feature Integration Theory FIT attempts to explain how characteristics of a stimulus such as physical location in space, motion, color, and shape are merged to form one percept despite each of these characteristics activating separate areas of the cortex.
FIT explains this through a two part system of perception involving the preattentive and focused attention stages.
The preattentive stage of perception is largely unconscious, and analyzes an object by breaking it down into its basic features, such as the specific color, geometric shape, motion, depth, individual lines, and many others.
The unconnected features described in the preattentive stage are combined into the objects one normally sees during the focused attention stage.
With experience, organisms can learn to make finer perceptual distinctions, and learn new kinds of categorization. Wine-tasting, the reading of X-ray images and music appreciation are applications of this process in the human sphere.
Research has focused on the relation of this to other kinds of learning , and whether it takes place in peripheral sensory systems or in the brain's processing of sense information.
Specifically, these practices enable perception skills to switch from the external exteroceptive field towards a higher ability to focus on internal signals proprioception.
Also, when asked to provide verticality judgments, highly self-transcendent yoga practitioners were significantly less influenced by a misleading visual context.
Increasing self-transcendence may enable yoga practitioners to optimize verticality judgment tasks by relying more on internal vestibular and proprioceptive signals coming from their own body, rather than on exteroceptive, visual cues.
Past actions and events that transpire right before an encounter or any form of stimulation have a strong degree of influence on how sensory stimuli are processed and perceived.
On a basic level, the information our senses receive is often ambiguous and incomplete. However, they are grouped together in order for us to be able to understand the physical world around us.
But it is these various forms of stimulation, combined with our previous knowledge and experience that allows us to create our overall perception.
For example, when engaging in conversation, we attempt to understand their message and words by not only paying attention to what we hear through our ears but also from the previous shapes we have seen our mouths make.
Another example would be if we had a similar topic come up in another conversation, we would use our previous knowledge to guess the direction the conversation is headed in.
A perceptual set , also called perceptual expectancy or just set is a predisposition to perceive things in a certain way.
Subjects who were told to expect words about animals read it as "seal", but others who were expecting boat-related words read it as "sail".
Sets can be created by motivation and so can result in people interpreting ambiguous figures so that they see what they want to see. They were told that either a number or a letter would flash on the screen to say whether they were going to taste an orange juice drink or an unpleasant-tasting health drink.
In fact, an ambiguous figure was flashed on screen, which could either be read as the letter B or the number When the letters were associated with the pleasant task, subjects were more likely to perceive a letter B, and when letters were associated with the unpleasant task they tended to perceive a number Perceptual set has been demonstrated in many social contexts.
When someone has a reputation for being funny, an audience is more likely to find them amusing. For example, people with an aggressive personality are quicker to correctly identify aggressive words or situations.
One classic psychological experiment showed slower reaction times and less accurate answers when a deck of playing cards reversed the color of the suit symbol for some cards e.
Philosopher Andy Clark explains that perception, although it occurs quickly, is not simply a bottom-up process where minute details are put together to form larger wholes.
Instead, our brains use what he calls predictive coding. It starts with very broad constraints and expectations for the state of the world, and as expectations are met, it makes more detailed predictions errors lead to new predictions, or learning processes.
Clark says this research has various implications; not only can there be no completely "unbiased, unfiltered" perception, but this means that there is a great deal of feedback between perception and expectation perceptual experiences often shape our beliefs, but those perceptions were based on existing beliefs.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Perception disambiguation. For other uses, see Percept disambiguation.
Organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment.
Basic types. Applied psychology. Plato Kant Nietzsche. Buddha Confucius Averroes. Brain regions Clinical neuropsychology Cognitive neuropsychology Cognitive neuroscience Dementia Human brain Neuroanatomy Neurophysiology Neuropsychological assessment Neuropsychological rehabilitation Traumatic brain injury.
Brain functions. Alan Baddeley Arthur L. Main article: Visual perception. Brown is outer ear. Red is middle ear.
Purple is inner ear. Main article: Hearing sense. Main article: Haptic perception. Main article: Taste. Main article: Olfaction. Main article: Social perception.
Main article: Speech perception. Main article: Face perception. Main article: time perception. Main article: Sense of agency.
Main article: Sexual stimulation. Main article: Sense. Main article: Sensory system.